The TRUTH about Organic vs Conventional Foods: It's About More Than Just Pesticides
by Mike Geary , Certified Personal Trainer, Certified Nutrition Specialist
Author of the best-sellers: The Fat Burning Kitchen & The Top 101 Foods that FIGHT Aging
I know there seems to be an on-going debate out there these days with health professionals, nutritionists, and the media giving different opinions about whether organic food is worth the slightly higher prices.
But there are a few VERY important aspects of organic food that I rarely see anybody out there talking about...
First, as you know, the main aspect that most people talk about in the organic vs conventional food debate is simply whether the food in question was grown with pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, or chemical fertilizers, and whether that food contains pesticide/herbicide residues in or on the actual food when you eat it.
And that IS important... I mean, I know I don't want to be ingesting pesticide residues that are potentially carginogenic or even estrogenic and can possibly increase belly fat (due to the chemical xenoestrogens)... and I'm sure you don't either!
But there's another another MAJOR aspect of organic vs conventional food that most people are overlooking, and that is:
>> The impacts of conventional farm chemicals on the SOIL, and how that affects the nutritional composition (quantities of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants in the food)
The harsh chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides used in conventional farming can destroy a large part of the microbial activity in the soils (bacteria and fungi) that help to make soil minerals more available to the plants roots. Conventional farming degrades this aspect of the soil which results in lower micro-nutrient levels in the plants that you eat.
In organic farming, these harsh chemicals are not used, and the soil is healthier and more biologically active (fungi and bacteria aid the plant roots with uptake of minerals and other nutrients), and the plants roots can therefore obtain more nutrition which produces foods with higher micro-nutrient levels and antioxidants.
Also, many scientists believe that the heavy use of chemical fertilizers, which make crops grow much faster than normal, leads to a shallower root system. That shallower root system inherently absorbs less micro-nutrients from the soil column compared to organically raised plants that are forced to have deeper, more extensive root systems to obtain all of the nutrients the plant needs.
I bet you didn't think about THAT aspect of organic food before!
I think it's quite easy to see why organic foods can have superior nutrition levels and more vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants than conventional foods. In fact, according to a series of studies reported on by Dr Mercola , organic foods contain 18-69% more antioxidants than conventional varieties of those same foods .
But beware of conflicting "reports" out there on this topic. Although there is much data on the superior nutrition levels of organic foods, you may also find some data that contradicts these findings in particular studies.
The reason that this happens is that science isn't perfect, and someone may measure the nutrition levels of a certain type of conventional tomato, for example, compared against a different type of organic tomato, grown in a vastly different geographic area in vastly different soils and climate. There are dozens, or even hundreds of complications with these types of studies, which is why you can't always make direct comparisons.
However, I think with the evidence we talked about in terms of soil quality, nutrient uptake, and also just the pure fact that we don't want carcinogenic and estrogenic chemicals in our food, it makes it worth it to try to buy organic foods as much as possible.
Also keep in mind that the more that we all band together and make smart choices at the grocery store in buying organic, the more that companies will respond to that demand, and prices will naturally go down over time, and become very close to conventional food prices.
Sometimes Local may be MORE important than "Organic"
Here's another vitally important thing to keep in mind...
If your choices at the grocery store for the organic food come from half way around the globe (such as organic produce from Chile or New Zealand when you live in North America), then you might want to consider favoring local produce even if it's not labeled "organic".
For one reason, many local farm stands may actually have organic produce but simply aren't legally allowed to label their food "organic" if they haven't acquired whatever necessary licenses they need for that. If you ask the farmers, many times you may find out that the local farm produce is in fact organic, or at least close to organic (meaning they use very minimal chemicals compared to some larger industrial farms).
Also, local produce that is picked at it's peak of ripeness, and on your plate in a matter of hours or days, will usually have much higher nutrition levels compared to "organic" produce that was picked halfway around the world well before it was ripe and traveled weeks to make it to your grocery store.
The one caveat to this is frozen produce... sometimes fruits and veggies are picked at their peak of ripeness and frozen rather quickly, even if they were picked halfway around the world. In this case, organic frozen fruits and vegetables can sometimes be just as nutritious as local produce (although they may carry a bigger petroleum burden than local produce)
So, if I were to give my overall recommendations to save yourself from the inherent health dangers of pesticides and herbicides, while also eating food that contains the highest levels of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, it is this:
1. choose organic over conventional most of the time, when it's available
2. choose local foods over organic if the organic food came from very long distances away (although frozen organic fruits and vegetables can be just as nutritious as local)
3. Don't forget that choosing organic also helps to protect the environment from chemical fertilizer and pesticide pollution that can harm ecosystems, disrupt soil microbiology, and potentially even contaminate your own drinking water supply.
4. Don't fall for "organic junk foods" -- I've been seeing this trend lately -- Just because crackers, cookies, cakes, cereal, and corn chips may be labeled "organic", doesn't mean they are healthy... junk food is still junk food! And these are still overly processed foods that can make you fat!
5. If you're not going to choose organic for all of your produce and other foods, at least make sure to choose organic when it comes to the top 6 worst offenders for pesticide residue in conventional produce:
These are 6 of the most important foods to choose organic.
Remember that forcing change for responsible agriculture starts with your choices as a consumer. The more we demand responsibly grown and raised foods by choosing those foods in our shopping carts, the more that producers and suppliers will respond to that demand and prices will go down for these higher quality foods.
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